Aliens under the Ice – Life on Rogue Planets

Video Statistics and Information

Captions Word Cloud
Reddit Comments

Two Kurzgesagt videos in a week? Christmas 12018 is the best.

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 101 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/YoutubeArchivist πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

Man imagining the aliens never knowing a whole universe out there is depressing to me, but it also made me feel grateful to be able to simply walk outside and look up at the sky.

It also reminds me of the aliens in Douglas Adams' book "Life, the Universe and Everything" where the alien planet is surrounded by a huge dust cloud which made them think that they were alone in the universe. Then one day a spaceship crashed onto their planet which was then reverse engineered and they soon ventured out to see what's beyond.

"The darkness of the cloud buffeted at the ship. Inside was the silence of history. Their historic mission was to find out if there was anything or anywhere on the other side of the sky, from which the wrecked spaceship could have come, another world maybe, strange and incomprehensible though this thought was to the enclosed minds of those who had lived beneath the sky of Krikkit.

History was gathering itself to deliver another blow.

Still the darkness thrummed at them, the blank enclosing darkness. It seemed closer and closer, thicker and thicker, heavier and heavier. And suddenly it was gone.

They flew out of the cloud.

They saw the staggering jewel of the night in their infinite dust and their minds sang with fear.

For a while they flew on, motionless against the starry sweep of the Galaxy, itself motionless against the infinite sweep of the Universe. And then they turned round.

β€œIt’ll have to go,” the men of Krikkit said as they headed back for home.

On the way back they sang a number of tuneful and reflective songs on the subjects of peace, justice, morality, culture, sport, family life and the obliteration of all other life forms."

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 118 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/HomoDeusMachina πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

This is why I'm really excited about NASA's Clipper mission going to Europa, launching sometime in 2020. It's going to do multiple flybys to see if Europa has conditions suitable for life, especially with the potentially warm oceans stuck beneath the thick ice (Hubble Space Telescope observed water vapor ages ago, and Clipper will check for that and scan those areas for thermal radiation). It'd be amazing if we found some evidence of life in our own solar system

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 26 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/speaker_4_the_dead πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

Holy hell living in that desolate place must be depressing

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 45 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/InflatableDick πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

I don't know about you guys, but I think gamma rays and meteorites are a good trade-off to not being stuck in an ice cage for eternity.

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 13 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/Lerola πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

Stellaris is slowly preparing me for this as well.

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 9 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/GunnarVonPontius πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

Posted an hour ago and 11 comments?

Yall spending quality holiday time with your families or something smh

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 30 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/YoutubeArchivist πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

Shhhhh... no tears

Depressing with the humor on point as per usual!

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 8 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/mroosa πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies

Just wondering, they mention that aliens need water to survive.

Do they? We need water for our life to survive, but what if another planet uses a different substance like liquid mercury (not a good example but still)

What makes us so sure that water is needed for life in the ENTIRE universe?

πŸ‘οΈŽ︎ 28 πŸ‘€οΈŽ︎ u/EnergyIsMassiveLight πŸ“…οΈŽ︎ Dec 27 2018 πŸ—«︎ replies
Rogue planets are planets that travel through the universe alone. They inhabit the dark and vast space between the stars. Drifting alone through eternal darkness, no light warms their surfaces, and they're exposed to the freezing cold of outer space. They know no seasons, no days, and no nights, which could give away the passing of time. And yet, rogue planets might carry alien life to all corners of the galaxy. How would that work? And how does a planet become a rogue anyway? [Music] There are several very different things that get called rogue planets. For example, sub-brown dwarfs -- gas giants that form from collapsing gas clouds and are the boring little brothers of brown dwarfs. They're a sort of failed star, and we'll now stop talking about them. A far more interesting sort of rogue, are terrestrial planets, similar to Earth, that got kicked out of their planetary system. Young star systems are dangerous places, where protoplanets are battling for the available mass, guzzling up as much material as possible. In this fight for dominance, they collide with each other, or get dangerously close to each other's orbits. If a very massive planet moves its orbit closer to the star, it can kick smaller planets out of the system. But just because a planet has survived the growing pains of formation, doesn't mean it's safe. Planetary systems can be disrupted by flybys from stars, or black holes, at any point. Up to half of all planets born could end up as rogues. Scientists don't agree on the numbers, but it's likely that, at the very least, there are billions of rogue planets in the Milky Way alone. Most rogues will share the same depressing fate, as their star becomes smaller, day by day, the planet's surface quickly cools down to minus 270 degrees Celsius. If they have oceans, they'll freeze and become as hard as bedrock. Their atmospheres will sink down to the surface and eventually freeze, too. But, weirdly enough, some of these frozen, dark deserts could harbor life. To understand how, let's imagine a planet similar to Earth, in the same order of magnitude in terms of mass and composition. If we put it into deep space, how could it still support life? As far as we understand the nature of life, there is one indispensable ingredient it needs: liquid water. Water is important because it mixes things, both matter and energy, which lets interesting chemistry happen, like life. So our planet needs enough energy to keep at least a part of our oceans warm enough to sustain liquid water. Annoyingly, about 99.97% of Earth's energy budget comes from the Sun. So our imaginary rogue earth needs to work with the 0.03 percent of energy it has left, which almost exclusively comes from its hot center. Earth's inner core is a giant metal ball, about as hot as the surface of the Sun, that's surrounded by the outer core made up of liquid metals that are very, very slowly solidifying releasing a lot of heat in the process. As long as this process is ongoing, our planet will be geologically active with solid and liquid material moving around and transporting energy to the surface where it can be harnessed as geothermal energy. While the hot core of every planet will cool off eventually, this process takes billions of years. Enough time for life to come into existence and thrive. There's even one scenario that could allow an Earth-like planet to have oceans that are not frozen over. If the planet had an extremely dense and high-pressure hydrogen atmosphere, the gas would not freeze and could trap enough of the heat trying to escape the planet to enable oceans that extend all the way to the surface. And there's another possible way to stay warm: moons. If a rogue planet brings a moon or more along with them, a large enough moon could inject additional energy into the system via tidal forces. These forces stretch and squeeze the planet a little bit every day, like kneading dough, keeping it warm. But the most likely scenario for a rogue bearing life is one with sub-glacial oceans under a kilometer thick layer of mostly water ice. These are not completely absurd, since we already have a few of them in the Solar System. So how could life sustain itself at the bottom of a completely dark, cold ocean. On Earth, deep down in our oceans in complete darkness, in volcanically-active areas, there are hydrothermal vents called black smokers. They spew out a cloud of black material and hot water providing a constant flow of minerals from Earth's mantle. Bacteria feed on the minerals and produce organic materials, which attracts crustaceans, bivalves, snails, fish, octopus, and tube worms up to 2 meters long. Not only are hydrothermal vents home to an incredibly diverse group of living beings, but also a contender for the place where life could have begun on Earth billions of years ago. In the dark ocean of a rogue planet, similar events or volcanic activity, could be the starting point and basis for complex ecosystems we can only imagine right now. One upside an ecosystem in a rogue planet ocean has, is that the environment is extremely stable. The thick ice sheet protects it from all sorts of extinction events, and, as long as the energy from the core keeps on coming, things stay pretty much the same. The most likely forms of life are bacteria and other microorganisms. But, given enough time, more complex alien animals could feed on the smaller beings and thrive. It's not impossible that intelligent life could emerge in such an environment. If it did, it would find itself in a pretty weird world. Constricted by an impassable wall of rock-hard ice at the top, and bedrock at the bottom. Without any plants to store star energy, there would be no wood, oil, or coal. Even if there were, it's not like you'd discover fire at the bottom of an ocean. Without this energy, metals may never be forged into useful things. Our intelligent alien friends might never break through the ice. They might never realize that there is such a thing as outside, and assumed that their small world is all there is. Millions of generations might live and die in these dark oceans, ignorant of the unbelievably big universe above the ice. Until the core of their planet cools off, and all life vanishes. As the oceans completely freeze, the remnants of cultures and ecosystems will be trapped in an icy grave forever. If you think about it, it might be better not to be aware of all that. But the concept is disturbing and exciting. The universe might be teeming with life, trapped on planets that are basically impossible to leave. Worlds like this could frequently pass the Solar System, without us even knowing. Maybe one day, in the far future, humans will set foot on one of these frozen worlds and try to say "hello." Okay, so we love gloomy future scenarios, but let's go back to the present for a different kind of surprise. Many of you want to know how we make our videos, so we made a video about that. Kurzgesagt teamed up with Skillshare, our favorite online learning community for creators, to make a three-part series of classes where you can learn our unique animation style, with scenes from our videos. But we're not the only ones telling you our tips and tricks there. A Skillshare Premium Membership gives you unlimited access to more than 25,000 classes in all kinds of skills like, writing, design, and animation from experts who know their stuff. The Premium Membership is as low as $10 a month. But as a treat, the first 1,000 people to use the link in the description will get their first two months for free. If you've always wanted to see how we animate our videos, and learn to do it yourself, this is your chance.
Channel: Kurzgesagt – In a Nutshell
Views: 8,093,445
Rating: 4.9637885 out of 5
Keywords: Rogue Planet, Rogue Planets, Alien, Alien Life, Alien Life Form, Universe, Space, Space Travel, Sub-Brown Dwarfs, Star, Interstellar, Terrestrial Planets, Proto Planet, Earth, Core, Water, Life, Bacteria, Solar System, Geothermal, Moon, Tidal, Tidal Force, Fish, Deep Sea, Ocean, Gamma Ray Bursts, Asteroid, Asteroids, Consciousness, Oort Cloud
Id: M7CkdB5z9PY
Channel Id: undefined
Length: 8min 24sec (504 seconds)
Published: Thu Dec 27 2018
Related Videos
Please note that this website is currently a work in progress! Lots of interesting data and statistics to come.